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They are stationed all over the city. These can be spotted with their blue color scheme. Cycle rickshaws velotaxis , a type of tricycle designed to carry passengers in addition to the driver, are also available. These are allowed to operate in pedestrian-only areas and are therefore practical for sightseeing. Frankfurt has a network of cycle routes. Many long-distance bike routes into the city have cycle tracks that are separate from motor vehicle traffic.

A number of roads in the city centre are "bicycle streets" where the cyclist has the right of way and where motorised vehicles are only allowed access if they do not disrupt the cycle users. In addition, cyclists are allowed to ride many cramped one-way streets in both directions. As of [update] , 15 percent of citizens used bicycles. Frankfurt is one of the world's most important financial centres and Germany's financial capital, followed by Munich.

The city's importance as a financial centre has risen since the eurozone crisis. Indications are the establishment of two institutions of the European System of Financial Supervisors European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority and European Systemic Risk Board in and the Single Supervisory Mechanism by which the European Central Bank was to assume responsibility for specific supervisory tasks related to the financial stability of the biggest and most important Eurozone banks. With over jobs per 1, inhabitants, Frankfurt has the highest concentration of jobs in Germany.

On work days and Saturdays one million people commute from all over the Rhein-Main-Area. The city is expected to benefit from international banks relocating jobs from London to Frankfurt as a result of Brexit to retain access to the EU market. Frankfurt is home to two important central banks: The new building complex was designed to accommodate up to 2, ECB personnel. The location is a few kilometres away from the city centre and borders an industrial area as well as the Osthafen East Harbour , It was primarily chosen because of its large premises which allows the ECB to install security arrangements without high fences.

The Bundesbank was greatly respected for its control of inflation through the second half of the 20th century. In , 63 national and international banks had a registered office, including the headquarters of the major German banks, as well as 41 offices of international banks. Many international banks have a registered or a representative office, e. By the 16th century Frankfurt had developed into an important European hub for trade fairs and financial services. The most important stock market index is the DAX , the index of the 30 largest German business companies listed at the stock exchange.

Trading takes place exclusively via the Xetra trading system , with redundant floor brokers taking on the role of market-makers on the new platform. These markets are at the heart of the financial system and it is crucial for the whole European economy that they remain competitive. We tried to find a solution, but the remedies offered fell far short of resolving the concerns. Frankfurt Trade Fair Messe Frankfurt has the third-largest exhibition site in the world with a total of , square metres 6,, square feet.

The trade fair premises are located in the western part between Bockenheim , the Westend and the Gallus district. It houses ten exhibition halls with a total of , square meters 3,, square feet of space and 96, square metres 1,, square feet of outdoor space. Messe Frankfurt GmbH, the owner and operator company, organized 87 exhibitions in , 51 thereof in foreign countries. It is one of the largest trade fair companies with commercial activities in over countries. A landmark building of the trade fair and of the whole city is the Messeturm the name translates as Fair Trade Tower , which was the tallest building in Europe from to It is located on the north-east corner of the trade fair premises at the so-called city entrance.

Despite the name it is not used for exhibition but serves as an office tower. Frankfurt Airport is one of the busiest airports in the world and is also the single largest place of work in Germany with over companies which employ 71, people The largest employer at Frankfurt Airport is Lufthansa, Germany's flag carrier and Europe's largest airline. Lufthansa employs 35, people in Frankfurt. The airport serves as Lufthansa's primary hub with worldwide destinations compared to destinations at Munich Airport , Lufthansa's second-largest hub. Lufthansa Flight Training is also based here.

Fraport is the owner and operator of Frankfurt Airport. It is the airport's second-largest employer 19, workers in Three of the four largest international accountancy and professional services firms Big Four are present. It is one of the 10 largest investment trust companies in the world. Many of the largest international management consultancies are represented, including Arthur D. Although it is best known for its banks and financial institutions, Frankfurt is also a centre for media companies. Around companies of the advertising industry and public relations companies are there.

In the same year Italian manufacturer Fiat opened its new German headquarters. Some of the largest German construction companies have offices, e. Frankfurt has Germany's highest concentration of homeowners. This is partly attributed to the financial sector, but also to its cosmopolitan nature, with expatriates and immigrants representing one fourth of its population. For this reason Frankfurt's property market often operates differently than the rest of the country where the prices are generally flatter.

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Frankfurt is home to companies from the chemical, the transportation, the telecommunication and the energy industry. Some of the larger companies are:. The business centre of Eschborn is located right at Frankfurt's city limits in the west and attracts businesses with significantly lower corporate taxes compared to Frankfurt.

With 20, employees in , Opel was one of the five largest employers in Hesse. Offenbach am Main is home to the European headquarters of automobile manufacturer Hyundai Motor Company , to the German headquarters of automobile manufacturer Honda , to Honeywell Germany and to Deutscher Wetterdienst , the central scientific agency that monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany.

Kronberg im Taunus is home of the German headquarters of automobile manufacturer Jaguar Cars as well as the German headquarters of Accenture. Lufthansa Systems , a subsidiary of Lufthansa , is located in Kelsterbach. Langen is home to Deutsche Flugsicherung , the German air traffic control. Compared to the 's survey the number of satisfied inhabitants has grown about 22 percent while the number of dissatisfied inhabitants was reduced by 8 percent.

Frankfurt consistently has the highest levels of crime per , inhabitants in Germany It is calculated based on the administrative ,inhabitant figure while the urban area has 2. The rate for personal safety-relevant crimes such as murder, manslaughter, rape or bodily harm, is 3. It was established on 1 January The BaFin is an independent federal institution and acts as Germany's financial regulatory authority. The IFC promotes sustainable private sector investment in developing countries.


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The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek is the largest universal library in Germany. Its task, unique in Germany, is to collect, permanently archive, comprehensively document and record bibliographically all German and German-language publications from on, foreign publications about Germany, translations of German works and the works of German-speaking emigrants published abroad between and , and to make them available to the public. Frankfurt is one of Germany's leading tourist destinations.

In addition to its infrastructure and economy, its diversity supports a vibrant cultural scene. This blend of attractions led 4. As a profoundly international city, Frankfurt hosts 92 diplomatic missions consulates and consulates-general. Worldwide, only New York City and Hamburg are non-capital cities with more foreign representation. Two important daily newspapers are published. The conservative Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , also known as FAZ , was founded in and is the German newspaper with the widest circulation outside of Germany, with its editors claiming to deliver the newspaper to countries every day.

The FAZ has a circulation of over , copies daily. The other important newspaper, the Frankfurter Rundschau , was first published in and has a daily circulation of over , Several magazines also originate from Frankfurt. The local Journal Frankfurt is the best-known magazine for events, parties, and "insider tips". Titanic is a well-known and often criticized satirical magazine with a circulation of approximately , It is located at the "Funkhaus am Dornbusch" in the Dornbusch district and is one of the most important radio and television broadcasters in Hesse, with additional studios in Kassel , Darmstadt and Fulda.

Frankfurt is home to the German office of Reuters , the global news agency. Frankfurt hosts two universities and several specialist schools. The oldest and best-known university is the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University , with locations in Bockenheim, Westend, and Riedberg, and the university hospital in Niederrad. The Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences was created out of several older organisations in , and offers over 38 study areas, in the arts, sciences, engineering and law. Some of the most important research projects: Planet Earth Simulator, FraLine -IT-School-Service, quantitative analysis of methane in human corpses with the help of a mass spectrometer, software engineering e.

Frankfurt School is consistently ranked among the best business schools in the world, attributed to its high research output and quality of undergraduate and graduate training. It was taken over by the city in and turned into a state art school. Hoch's Konservatorium which was founded in The International Ensemble Modern Academy is a significant institution for the study of contemporary music. Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Sankt Georgen , a private institution with membership in the German Jesuit Association, has been located in Sachsenhausen since The city is home to three Max Planck Society institutes: The Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies , sponsored by several institutional and private sources, is involved in theoretical research in physics, chemistry, neuroscience, and computer science.

The RGK is involved in a variety of research projects. Its library, with over , volumes, is one of the largest specialised archaeological libraries in the world. Frankfurt schools rank among the best equipped schools nationwide for availability of PCs and other media facilities. In order to assure maintenance and support of the school PCs, the city in cooperation with the University of Applied Sciences launched the project Fraline — IT-Schul-Service, an initiative employing students to provide basic school IT-support.

Frankfurt is home to several professional sports teams. Some of them have won German Championships. Frankfurt hosts the following sports teams or clubs:. The city hosts also the annual Frankfurt Marathon and the Ironman Germany. In addition to the former, it is one of 13 global host locations to the J. Morgan Corporate Challenge [6] , Germany's biggest corporate sports event. Rhein-Main Eissport Club forms the base of the German bandy community. At the end of the s, it reached a peak with more than 87, inhabitants. The number dropped below 70, in and was just above 60, in , the official name Frankfurt and the older Frankfurt an der Oder are used to distinguish it from the larger city of Frankfurt am Main.

The town of Frankfurt received its charter in at the Brandendamm, the early settlers lived on the western banks of the Oder, later the town was extended to the eastern bank. In the late Middle Ages, the town dominated the trade between Breslau and Stettin. After a two-day siege, Swedish forces, supported by Scottish auxiliaries, the result was a Swedish victory.

With the dissolution of the Margraviate of Brandenburg during the Napoleonic Wars, in the 19th century, Frankfurt played an important role in trade. There was no fighting for the town in during World War II even though the town was declared a fortress in an attempt to block the Red Armys route to Berlin, the nearly empty town was burned down.

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It became part of the state of Brandenburg with German reunification in In the post-communist era, Frankfurt has suffered high unemployment. Its population has fallen significantly from around 87, at the time of German reunification in , FC Viktoria Frankfurt is the towns local football team. In March , the Jewish community of Frankfurt celebrated its first Torah dedication since the Holocaust, the procession of the new Torah scroll began from the spot where the towns Frankfurter Synagogue stood prior to World War II, meters from Germanys current border with Poland.

Celebrants marched with the scroll into the towns Chabad-Lubavitch centre, where they danced with the Torah, the Margraviate of Brandenburgs first university was Frankfurts Alma Mater Viadrina, founded in by Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg. Hauptwache Frankfurt am Main — The Hauptwache is a central point of Frankfurt am Main and is one of the most famous plazas in the city.

The original name Schillerplatz was superseded in the early s, the baroque building which gave the square its name was built in It was the headquarters of the citys Stadtwehr militia when Frankfurt was an independent city state, in the 18th century Frankfurt still had city walls and its own army. Until the place surrounding the building was called Paradeplatz according to the military function, when Prussia annexed the city in and took over military activities, the Hauptwache lost this role.

Heavily burned in World War II bombing, it was reopened in a form with an altered roof in In , with the building of the U-Bahn tunnel through the city, it was dismantled so it could be moved, the plaza has undergone another major renovation when the S-Bahn station for suburban trains was opened in Today, Hauptwache station serves as one of the most important crosspoints of the Frankfurt public transport system, eight of nine S-Bahn lines serve the station as well as six of nine U-Bahn lines. The plaza has been reformed several times and its current appearance is marked by a sunken terrace leading down to underground pedestrian area with shops and the public transport station.

Frankfurters call the sunken area das Loch, the plaza contains a number of different architectural styles. It is towered above and dominated by St. Catherines Church, apart from the baroque Hauptwache itself, the surrounding buildings are mostly new architecture because of the damage from the war. It was inaugurated in but destroyed by bombs in and it was rebuilt, slowly, in the s, opening again in Many important operas were performed for the first time in Frankfurt, the square in front of the building is known as Opernplatz.

The Alte Oper is located in the city district, Innenstadt. Frankfurt Opera is now in a building nearby, completed in The building was designed by the Berlin architect Richard Lucae, financed by the citizens of Frankfurt and it opened on October 20, Among the guests was Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany, who was impressed and said, the citizens of Frankfurt, who had to finance the structure, were rather sceptical at first. The Alte Oper was almost completely destroyed by bombs during World War II in , in the s the city magistrate planned to build a modern office building on the site.

The then Minister of Economy in Hessen Rudi Arndt, earned the nickname Dynamit-Rudi when he proposed to blow up Germanys most beautiful ruin with a little dynamite, Arndt later said that this was not meant seriously. A citizens initiative campaigned for reconstruction funds after and collected 15 million DM, dM, and the building was reopened on August 28,, to the sounds of Gustav Mahlers Symphony No. Geographic coordinate system — A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.

The coordinates are chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation, to specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection. The invention of a coordinate system is generally credited to Eratosthenes of Cyrene. Ptolemy credited him with the adoption of longitude and latitude.

Ptolemys 2nd-century Geography used the prime meridian but measured latitude from the equator instead. Mathematical cartography resumed in Europe following Maximus Planudes recovery of Ptolemys text a little before , in , the United States hosted the International Meridian Conference, attended by representatives from twenty-five nations. Twenty-two of them agreed to adopt the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, the Dominican Republic voted against the motion, while France and Brazil abstained. France adopted Greenwich Mean Time in place of local determinations by the Paris Observatory in , the latitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle between the equatorial plane and the straight line that passes through that point and through the center of the Earth.

The equator divides the globe into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, the longitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle east or west of a reference meridian to another meridian that passes through that point. All meridians are halves of great ellipses, which converge at the north and south poles, the prime meridian determines the proper Eastern and Western Hemispheres, although maps often divide these hemispheres further west in order to keep the Old World on a single side.

To completely specify a location of a feature on, in, or above Earth. Earth is not a sphere, but a shape approximating a biaxial ellipsoid. It is nearly spherical, but has an equatorial bulge making the radius at the equator about 0. Germany — Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of , square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union.

After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in , Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.

After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in , the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled.

It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. States of Germany — Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen federal states. Since todays Germany was formed from a collection of several states, it has a federal constitution.

West Berlin, while not part of the Federal Republic, was largely integrated and considered as a de facto state. Federalism is one of the constitutional principles of Germany. After , new states were constituted in all four zones of occupation, in , the states in the three western zones formed the Federal Republic of Germany. This is in contrast to the development in Austria, where the Bund was constituted first.

Today, it is common to use the term Bundesland. He summarizes the arguments for boundary reform in Germany. But several proposals have failed so far, territorial reform remains a topic in German politics. Federalism has a tradition in German history. The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states numbering more than around , the number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars. After the Congress of Vienna,39 states formed the German Confederation, the new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine.

Hesse — Hesse or Hessia is a federal state of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden, the largest city is Frankfurt am Main, the English name Hesse originates in the Hessian dialects. The variant Hessia comes from the medieval Latin Hassia, the German term Hessen is used by the European Commission because their policy is to leave regional names untranslated. The term Hesse ultimately derives from a Germanic tribe called the Chatti, an inhabitant of Hesse is called a Hessian.

The synthetic element hassium, number on the table, is named after the state of Hesse. As early as the Paleolithic period, the Central Hessian region was inhabited, due to the favorable climate of the location, people lived there about 50, years ago during the last glacial period, as burial sites show from this era. Classified as a grave or a Hessian-Westphalian stone cist, it is one of the most important megalithic monuments in Central Europe. The ancient Romans had a camp in Dorlar, and in Waldgirmes directly on the eastern outskirts of Wetzlar was a civil settlement under construction.

Presumably, the government for the occupied territories of the right bank of Germania was planned at this location. The governor of Germania, at least temporarily, likely had resided here, the settlement appears to have been abandoned by the Romans after the devastating Battle of the Teutoburg Forest failed in the year 9 AD. The Chatti were also involved in the Revolt of the Batavi in 69 AD, Hessia occupies the northwestern part of the modern German state of Hesse, its borders were not clearly delineated.

Its geographic center is Fritzlar, it extends in the southeast to Hersfeld on the Fulda river, in the north to past Kassel and up to the rivers Diemel, to the west, it occupies the valleys of the rivers Eder and Lahn. It measured roughly 90 kilometers north-south, and 80 north-west, the area around Fritzlar shows evidence of significant pagan belief from the first century on.

Excavations have produced a horse burial and bronze artifacts, a possible religious cult may have centered on a natural spring in Geismar, called Heilgenbron, the name Geismar itself may be derived from that spring. By , the Franks were establishing themselves as overlords, which is suggested by evidence of burials. Regierungsbezirk — Regierungsbezirk is an administrative region at federal state level in Germany.

Within the federal authority, they act as a mid-level agency. Regierungsbezirk is variously translated as district, administrative district or province. By German unification in , the concept of Regierungsbezirke had been adopted by most States of the German Empire, the Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia are in direct continuation of those created in the Prussian Rhine and Westphalia provinces in Similar entities in other states were initially named Kreishauptmannschaft or Kreis or province in Hesse, in Nazi Germany the naming was unified to Regierungsbezirk.

Currently, only four large-area states out of 16 in total are divided into Regierungsbezirke, on 1 January , Saxony-Anhalt disbanded its three Regierungsbezirke, Dessau, Halle and Magdeburg. The responsibilities are now covered by a Landesverwaltungsamt with three offices at the seats of the Bezirksregierungen. This was necessary because one of the new districts did not fit with the borders of the old Regierungsbezirke, the Direktionsbezirke are still named Chemnitz, Dresden and Leipzig.

As of 1 March , the Direktionsbezirke were merged into one Landesdirektion, four of the new federal states re-established in , Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Thuringia, decided not to implement Regierungsbezirke. Districts of Germany — A German district is an administrative subdivision known as Landkreis, except in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein where it is known simply as Kreis.

Most major cities in Germany are not part of a rural district, in this context, those cities are referred to as Kreisfreie Stadt or Stadtkreis. Rural districts are at a level of administration between the German states and the municipal governments. They correspond to level 3 administrative units of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, previously, the similar title Reichskreis was given to groups of states in the Holy Roman Empire.

The related term Landeskommissariat was used for administrative divisions in some German territories until the 19th century. The majority of German districts are rural districts of which there are , cities with more than , inhabitants do not usually belong to a district, but take over district responsibilities themselves, similar to the concept of independent cities.

These are known as urban districts —cities which constitute a district in their own there are currently of them. As of , approximately 25 million people live in these urban districts, in North Rhine-Westphalia, there are some cities with more than , inhabitants which are not urban districts, for example Recklinghausen, Siegen, Paderborn, Bergisch Gladbach, Neuss and Moers.

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Nevertheless, these cities take over many district responsibilities themselves, although they are part of a larger rural district. Midsize towns can perform particular administrative functions of the district as well, the classification as midsize town is usually based on a towns registered population, but varies from state to state. The district council is the highest institution of a district and is responsible for all fundamental guidelines of regional self-administration.

This council is elected every five years, except in Bavaria where it is elected every six years. Usually the administrative seat of a district is located in one of its largest towns. However, district council and administrative seat of rural districts are not situated within the district proper. Most of those districts are named after this central city as well. Moers is the biggest city in Germany that is neither an urban district, in parts of northern Germany, Landrat is also the name of the entire district administration, which in southern Germany is known as Kreisverwaltung or Landratsamt.

In urban districts similar administrative functions are performed by a mayor, rural districts in some German states have an additional administrative commission called Kreisausschuss. Peter Feldmann was born into a Jewish family, in Helmstedt, after passing the Abitur at Frankfurt Ernst-Reuter-Schule in , he spent a year in an Israeli Kibbutz where he became a gardener. He then studied political science at the University of Marburg until , later he specialised in economics for the social sector, becoming a Sozialbetriebswirt in Peter Feldmann has worked for several German non-profit organizations, both for hire, and as a volunteer and he joined the SPD in Feldmann joined the Frankfurt city council in and he was elected vice president of his partys parliamentary group in In a ballot on 25 March , Peter Feldmann was elected mayor of Frankfurt am Main, Feldmann was successful with an election programme putting social aspects such as affordable housing on top of the agenda.

He has a daughter from his previous marriage, who was born in , Peter Feldmanns website for the elections for mayor of Frankfurt am Main in The party, led by Chairman Martin Schulz since , has one of the two major contemporary political parties in Germany, along with the Christian Democratic Union. Established in , the SPD is the oldest extant political party represented in the German Parliament and was one of the first Marxist-influenced parties in the world.

From to , any grouping or meeting that aimed at spreading socialist principles was banned under the Anti-Socialist Laws, in , when the ban was lifted and it could again present electoral lists, the party adopted its current name. In the years leading up to World War I, the party remained ideologically radical in official principle, by , the party claimed the most votes of any German party.

Despite the agreement of the Second International to oppose the First World War, after the SPD played an important role in the political system of the Weimar Republic, although it took part in coalition governments only in few years. Adolf Hitler prohibited the party in under the Enabling Act — party officials were imprisoned, killed or went into exile, in exile, the party used the name Sopade.

From to and to the Chancellors of Germany were Social Democrats whereas the other years the Chancellors were Christian Democrats, the SPD was established as a Marxist party in After World War II, under the leadership of Kurt Schumacher, the SPD re-established itself as a socialist party, representing the interests of the working class and the trade unions.

With the Godesberg Program of , however, the party evolved from a socialist working-class party to a modern social-democratic party working within capitalism. The current party platform of the SPD espouses the goal of social democracy, according to the party platform, freedom, justice, and social solidarity, form the basis of social democracy.

The coordinated social market economy should be strengthened, and its output should be distributed fairly, the party sees that economic system as necessary in order to ensure the affluence of the entire population. The SPD also tries to protect the poor with a welfare state. It is the major party of the centre-right in German politics. Simultaneous yet unrelated meetings began occurring throughout Germany, each with the intention of planning a Christian-democratic party, the Christlich-Demokratische Union was established in Berlin on 26 June , and in Rheinland and Westfalen in September of the same year.

One of the lessons learned from the failure of the Weimar Republic was that disunity among the parties ultimately allowed for the rise of the Nazi Party. The result of meetings was the establishment of an inter-confessional party influenced heavily by the political tradition of liberal conservatism. The latter was more nationalist and sought German reunification, even at the expense of concessions to the Soviet Union, the Western powers appreciated the CDUs moderation, its economic flexibility and its value as an oppositional force to the Communists, which appealed to European voters at the time.

Also, Adenauer was trusted by the British, the party was split over issues of rearmament within the Western alliance and German unification as a neutral state. Adenauer staunchly defended his position and outmanoeuvred some of his opponents. He also refused to consider the SPD as a party of the coalition until he felt sure that they shared his anti-Communist position, the CDU was the dominant party for the first two decades following the establishment of West Germany in Konrad Adenauer remained the leader until , at which point the former minister of economics Ludwig Erhard replaced him.

As the Free Democratic Party withdrew from the coalition in due to disagreements over fiscal and economic policy. In the federal elections, the party came fourth with 8. It rose out of the energy, environmental, peace, new left. These groups were founded in and took part in several elections, most of them merged with The Greens in In it became the official Hamburg branch of The Greens, in the s, environmentalists and peace activists politically organised amongst thousands of action groups.

The political party The Greens was founded January 13, in Karlsruhe to give this movement political, opposition to pollution, use of nuclear power, NATO military action, and certain aspects of industrialised society were principal campaign issues. The Greens originated from civil initiatives, new movements of the protests of It was at this congress, that the Greens lay their ideological foundations, proclaiming the famous Four Pillars of the Green Party, in , the conservative factions of the Greens broke away to form the Ecological Democratic Party.

Those who left the party at the time might have felt similarly about some of these issues, but did not identify with the forms of protest that Green party members took part in. After some success at elections, the party won 27 seats with 5. The newly formed party was able to draw on this movement to recruit support. Around this time, Joschka Fischer emerged as the leader of the party.

This group was controversial within the party itself, and was seen as responsible for the poor election result of In November the political scientist Franz Walter presented the report about his research on a press conference. Metropolitan area — As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. A metropolitan area combines an urban agglomeration with zones not necessarily urban in character and these outlying zones are sometimes known as a commuter belt, and may extend well beyond the urban zone, to other political entities.

For example, El Monte, California is considered part of the Los Angeles metro area in the United States, in practice, the parameters of metropolitan areas, in both official and unofficial usage, are not consistent. Population figures given for one area can vary by millions. A polycentric metropolitan area is one not connected by continuous development or conurbation, in defining a metropolitan area, it is sufficient that a city or cities form a nucleus that other areas have a high degree of integration with.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics defines statistical divisions as areas under the influence of one or more major towns or a major city. However, this definition has become obsolete with the conurbation of several statistical divisions into a larger metropolitan areas. In Brazil, metropolitan areas are called metropolitan regions, each State defines its own legislation for the creation, definition and organization of a metropolitan region.

The creation of a region is not intended for any statistical purpose, although the Brazilian Institute of Geography. Their main purpose is to allow for a management of public policies of common interest to all cities involved. They dont have political, electoral or jurisdictional power whatsoever, so living in a metropolitan region do not elect representatives for them. Statistics Canada defines a metropolitan area as an area consisting of one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core.

To form a CMA, the area must have a population of at least , To be included in the CMA, adjacent municipalities must have a degree of integration with the core. Greater Copenhagen has an population of 1. This district in the part of Frankfurt was once formed from the independent towns of Bergen.

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It borders the districts of Seckbach in the west and Fechenheim in the south, the town of Maintal in the east, Bergen and Enkheim were first mentioned as a common village in the thirteenth century. The two locations were administered together for centuries in , but Bergen-Enkheim only officially became a town in , in it was incorporated into the city of Frankfurt. Geographically the territory is marked by the transition of the Main valley into the rising Wetterau and it is directly linked to the Rhine-Main areas RMV U-Bahn and bus network. Bergen-Enkheim is a district connected to literature, and the literary prize, the Arabidopsis thaliana race Enkheim, which is important in plant molecular biology research originates here.

The old town of Bergen is an interesting site and its historic town hall holds the areas historical museum. The Gothic foundation of the dates from and the upper floor in the rural Renaissance style dates from the early sixteenth century. It also holds a tower holding a lantern, added in A remnant of the old city walls frames the so-called White Tower and this was a late gothic watchtower which was created under the counts of Hanau along the town walls. Bergen-Enkheim holds the only market in the greater city of Frankfurt.

It is location of the Berger Market that takes place in the last weekend in August, on the Friday beforehand, the new Stadtschreiber von Bergen is inducted and celebrated. The festival pavilion is used to crown the official Apfelwein Queen. Bergen-Enkheim has two schools and one school with primary and secondary level together. Vehicle registration plate — A vehicle registration plate, also known as a number plate or a license plate, is metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes.

The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the owner within the issuing regions database. The first two letters indicate the state to which the vehicle is registered, the next two digit numbers are the sequential number of a district. Due to heavy volume of vehicle registration, the numbers were given to the RTO offices of registration as well, the third part indicates the year of registration of the vehicle and is a 4 digit number unique to each plate.

In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates. Alternately, the government will merely assign plate numbers, and it is the owners responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number.

In some jurisdictions, plates will be assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime. If the vehicle is destroyed or exported to a different country. Other jurisdictions follow a policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they already hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyers name, a person who sells a car and then purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car.

One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them. Some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with personal plates, in some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement, often associated with a design change of the plate itself.

Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration. Plates are usually fixed directly to a vehicle or to a frame that is fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can also purchase customized frames to replace the original frames, in some jurisdictions licence plate frames are illegal.

Wiki as never seen before with video and photo galleries, discover something new today. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Hesse. For the town in Brandenburg, see Frankfurt Oder. For other uses, see Frankfurt disambiguation. Location of Frankfurt am Main within Hesse. History of Frankfurt am Main and Timeline of Frankfurt. The Frankfurt Parliament at St. Paul's Church in Aerial view of the cathedral in May This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany. List of tallest buildings in Frankfurt. This article needs additional citations for verification. Public transport in Frankfurt am Main.

This section includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this section by introducing more precise citations. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt in German. Archived from the original PDF on 19 July Retrieved 2 January Frankfurt among the global startup capitals".

Retrieved 21 March Archived from the original PDF on 1 January Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 27 September Archived from the original on 2 May Archived from the original on 19 February Cemahc Dawid ; cf. Placenames of the world. Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 10 June An Encyclopedic Reference to U. I — Economic Foundations. University of California Press, , p. Retrieved 29 March Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 21 April Retrieved 9 April Voit, Die kommunale Gebietsreform in: Retrieved 2 July Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 8 April Retrieved 8 June Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 18 February Archived from the original on 2 July Retrieved 10 August A History of Jews in Hamburg.

Archived from the original on 22 February Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 17 November Der Spiegel in German. Retrieved 7 March Archived from the original on 29 November Retrieved 29 November Retrieved 16 May Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 5 September Archived from the original PDF on 23 January Retrieved 29 January Archived from the original on 20 October Globalization and World Cities. Archived from the original on 10 October City of London will lose 10, jobs on day one, says EY".

Frankfurt may be home to one central bank too many". Archived from the original on 27 February European cities outperform their English counterparts. Archived from the original on 2 November Frankfurt ist zweitattraktivste Stadt Deutschlands" in German. Retrieved 24 July Archived from the original PDF on 24 September Retrieved 23 April Places adjacent to Frankfurt. Articles related to Frankfurt. Cities in Germany by population.

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Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich. Urban and rural districts in the state of Hesse in Germany. Darmstadt Frankfurt Kassel Offenbach Wiesbaden. Lebanon Serbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia. Retrieved from " https: Julian—Gregorian uncertainty All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from March Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 Polish-language sources pl Articles with German-language external links Articles with dead external links from June CS1 maint: Catherines Church, apart from the baroque Hauptwache itself, the surrounding buildings are mostly new architecture because of the damage from the war 3.

By , the Franks were establishing themselves as overlords, which is suggested by evidence of burials 8. In urban districts similar administrative functions are performed by a mayor, rural districts in some German states have an additional administrative commission called Kreisausschuss The SPD also tries to protect the poor with a welfare state In November the political scientist Franz Walter presented the report about his research on a press conference Bergen-Enkheim has two schools and one school with primary and secondary level together Frankfurt Oder [videos] Frankfurt Oder German pronunciation: Frankfurt an der Oder in July The construction of the St.

Nicolaus Church today's Friedenskirche began when Frankfurt was still part of Poland. View from the Oderturm. The Hauptwache and the plaza as seen from the Kaufhof's roof garden. The Hauptwache plaza with the Kaufhof department store. I made it to Vienna this afternoon just fine. I got to the airport at around 2: I think I must have slept for a couple hours. The seats were very comfortable and the food was good. I had 2 bloody mary's, 2 glasses of wine, and a glass or port wine Both the SFO and the Frankfurt lounges had a lot of nice free food and drinks, including wine and beer and stuff.

The Frankfurt airport was a little confusing, but people were helpful when I asked questions. It was only a 1 hour flight from Frankfurt to Vienna, so I didn't have to spend much time on a smaller jet. I was surprised to find that you don't have to go through Customs when you arrive in Vienna as long as you have nothing to "declare". I think its because I was arriving from Frankfurt, but I didn't have to go through Customs there, either. I just got in a taxi a nice Mercedes, totally deluxe So I took a cab to my hotel, the NH Belvedere, and got cleaned up from all my traveling.

I wound up feeling kind of anxious about arriving in a city where I had no idea where I was and didn't speak the language. I sat in my room for a few minutes, then walked to the Ringstrausse which is about 10 minutes from the hotel. It was getting dark by the time I headed out, so I saw all of the buildings along the Ringstrausse lit up at night - its incredibly beautiful! I walked for about 2 miles about half way around the perimeter of downtown the Ringstrausse is a wide avenue running around downtown and must have passed 30 different historical buildings - palaces, the opera house, musuems, theaters, statues, etc.

Apparently Vienna is what you get when each successive monarch wants to out-do the one before him. I stopped at a cafe called Kantine, a place I read about in the Lonely Planet guide, on my way back to my hotel. I had an "adult size" as opposed to? I basically decided to not be vegetarian this week I'll keep you posted: I'm looking forward to seeing everything during daylight tomorrow and Tuesday, but this was a great start! I'm going to start my date tomorrow with coffee coffee is huge here, apparently this is one of the first places in Europe where people drank coffee and some pastries, one of dad's recommendations: